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The Priests



The priests were Aaron’s sons.

A priest had to be descended from one of Aaron’s sons.


Aaron’s son’s names were:  Eleazor, Ithamar, Nadab, Abihu


Their dress were breeches, a finely woven white garment, a tunic woven as one piece, just as Aaron’s garment was. They had a belt like Aaron’s and white head bands (Bonnets).           Leviticus 8:13


They wore Blue fringes on the hem of their garments


Numbers 15:38-39


To be a priest they had to qualify by fulfilling the legal requirements as listed above. They did not have to be believers in their “Messiah” to be priests.


The Consecration of the priests

Leviticus 8


1:          The entire assembly of Israel gathered at the Entrance gate to the Tabernacle, as commanded by The Lord.


The Consecration of the priests – Cleansing

Leviticus 8:6


2:         The priests presented themselves at the tabernacle and were washed by Moses with water.



The Consecration of the priests – The High Priest Clothed

Leviticus 8:7-9


3:         Aaron was clothed with the clothes of his office.


The Consecration of the priests – The High Priest Anointed

Leviticus 8:10-12


4:         Moses took the anointing oil and he sprinkled it seven times over every item in the tabernacle. Seven being the number of completion, all was now complete and was set apart to the Lord for His service.


            Aaron was anointed by having the oil poured on His head, to set him apart as special to the service of God.


            REV C.I Schofield D.D


            Aaron was anointed before any sacrifices were slain at this time, demonstrating that Christ the sinless one needed no sacrifice before being anointed by the Holy Spirit for service to God.

Only upon the High Priest was the anointing oil poured.


John 3:34

“For the one whom God has sent, speaks the words of God, for God gives the Spirit without limit\measure.”


Hebrews 1:9

“You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness, therefore God, your God has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of Joy.”


The Consecration of the priests – The Offerings

Leviticus 8:14-29


5:         A number of animals were offered at this time:


A:         A bullock for the sin offering.


Aaron and his sons placed their hands on the bullock’s head,

which was then killed.


Moses smeared the blood on the horns of the altar, purifying the    

Altar, the remainder of the blood he poured out at the base of  

the altar to make atonement.


The innards fat, the Caul, the two kidneys and their fat were   

burnt up on the altar.


The bullock’s flesh, it’s hide and dung Moses burnt with fire,

outside the camp.


B:         Rams for the burnt offering.   


Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the bullock’s head,

which was then killed.


Moses sprinkled the blood around the altar.


Moses cut the ram into pieces, burning the pieces, the head and the fat.


Moses washed the innards and the legs in water and burnt the whole ram on the Altar for a sweet savour offering to the Lord.


Two rams were offered according to Exodus 29:19 & 31.


Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the bullock’s head,

which was then killed.


Moses placed some blood upon the right ear, thumb and big toe of Aaron and then his sons. He also sprinkled blood all around the altar.


Moses took the fat, and the rump, and all the fat of the innards, the caul, the two kidneys and their fat and the right shoulder


Moses took one unleavened cake, a cake of oiled bread and one wafer.

He put these cakes on the fat and then placed all these upon the right shoulder: He put all of these upon Aarons and His sons hands for a wave offering before the Lord. Moses took all these parts out of their hands and burnt them on the altar as a sweet savour offering.


Moses then took the breast and waved it as a wave offering. The second ram was a ram of consecration. It was Moses part and as commanded by the Lord.


The Consecration of the priests – The Anointing of the Priests

Leviticus 8:30


Moses took the anointing oil and the blood, which was upon the altar and sprinkled Aaron and his sons and their garments.


Aaron was anointed again at the same time as the priests, because he was now representing himself as a sinful creature who needed Christs Atoning work.


The Consecration of the priests – Food for the Priests

Leviticus 8:31-32


The flesh that was to be cooked was to be boiled at the door of the tabernacle. They were to eat it with unleavened bread, which had been consecrated. If anything remained it was to be burnt.


The Consecration of the priests – The Priests separated unto God

Leviticus 8:33-36


The priests were to stay by the door of the tabernacle for seven days.

This was the days of their consecration. When this was all completed their consecration was at an end.


In Leviticus 9 on day eight, the priests begin their ministry.


It was then that a number of offerings were offered for Aaron, the priest, the elders of Israel and the people.


Ezekiel 18:4

“Every living soul belongs to Me, the father as well as the son, both alike belong to Me. The soul who sins is the one who will die.”


Jeremiah 10:23

“I know, O Lord, that a mans life is not His own; it is not for man to direct His paths.”


The Profane fire of Nadab and Abihu


Nadab and Abihu took fire from the “burnt Altar” and put it in their censers and put incense on coals and offered profane fire before the Lord, which the Lord had not commanded them to offer.


Fire came from the Holy of Holies and devoured them.

They died immediately the “Sin unto Death”. The incense was profane, alien, unauthorised because they were not allowed into the Holy of Holies.


The Profane fire of King Uzziah and his punishment of leprosy.

2 Chronicles 26:16-21

“Then Moses said to Aaron, this is what the Lord spoke of when He said,

Among those who approach Me I will show myself Holy; in the sight of all the people I will be honoured. And Aaron remained silent.”

Leviticus 10:3


REV C.I Schofield D.D


Nadab and Abihus’ sin was acting in the things of God without consulting the mind of God. They were acting presumptuously in WILL WORSHIP, which may display some form of humility and wisdom, but is unacceptable before God.





Religious feelings, excitement and warmth

Purely formality Worship


The warning for the Church


We as believers can go the way of Nadab and Abihu, with a false worship with approaching God in an unfit fashion, and in a disrespectful manner, as the Corinthian believers were in approaching the Lords table.


1 Corinthians 11:29

“A person ought to examine themself before they eat of the bread and drinks of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without recognising the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgement on themselves. That is why many among you are weak and sick and a number of you have fallen asleep (died), but if we would judge ourselves we would not come under judgement.”


Other incidents of unauthorised fire within the Church.


Colossians 2:8

“See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophies which depend on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than  on Christ.”


1 Corinthians 1:12

“I follow Paul, I follow Apollos, I follow Peter, I follow Christ.

Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you.


Colossians 1:16-18

“Do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a new moon, or a Sabbath day. These are shadows of the things that were to come; the reality however is found in Christ. Do not let anyone who delights in false humility disqualify you for the prize.”


The Privilege of the Church


Revelation 5:10

“You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God”


1 Peter 2:5 & 9

“You are being built into a spiritual house, to be a Holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”


“You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you might declare the praises of Him, who called you out of darkness into His wonderful light.”


The encouragement for the Church


Philippians 1:6

“Being confidant it this, that He who began a good work in you will carry it to completion until the day of Christ”


2 Timothy 2:11-13

“Here is a trustworthy saying:

If we died with Him, we will also live with Him;

If we endue we will endure, we will also reign with Him.

If we deny Him, He will also deny us.

If we are faithless, He will remain faithful

for He cannot disown Himself”.


The Levites

Leviticus 10:8

“The Lord separated the tribe of Levi to bear the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister unto Him and to bless in His Name, as they still do to day. This is why the Levites have no share or inheritance among their brothers; the Lord is their inheritance, as the Lord your God said. ”


The Churches Encouragement and Joy.


1 Peter 1:4

“We have an inheritance that can never perish spoil or fade, kept in heaven for you, who through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time. In this you greatly rejoice.”


Wherever the tabernacle was transported, it was carried by the priests with the poles on their shoulders and was not to be transported in a cart.


The tabernacle was packed into carts for transportation. The Kohathites were not given carts or oxen, as they carried the Holy furniture.


The “Kohathites” were given the task of carrying the Holy furniture, after the priests dismantled and packed the items of furniture.

The “Veil” that led into the “Holy of Holies” covered the Ark. The priests hitched the curtain down so as not to see it, and die.


The badger skins and then a blue cloth then covered the ark so it could not be seen and would be waterproof.


A Blue cloth covered the “Ark” to identify that the Lord was with them. The items were moved after they were covered under the supervision of the priest. If the “Kohathites looked at or touched the sacred furniture they would die.


 2 Samuel 6:1-15


The “Gershonites” disassembled the Tabernacle objects. They disassembled the curtains and coverings from the roof of the “Holy Place”, together with the hangings of the outer linen fence. This was done under the supervision of Aarons son “Ithamar”, a priest. The Gershonites were given two carts and four oxen for transportation of the tabernacle.


The “Meranites” disassembled the frames of the Tabernacle, with its boards and bars. Then they removed all the posts, pegs and cords.

The Meranites were given four carts and eight oxen for transportation of the tabernacle.



Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

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