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The Passover and Unleavened Bread 


The Passover and unleavened bread is a Major feast of Israel

The month - Nissan

The days - 14-21

The Sabbaths of the feast were the first and last days of the feast.

The Passover began on the evening of the 14th of Nissan.


Regulations of the Passover - Israel’s Preparation and function

Exodus 12:43-51


The Passover was the most important of all the feasts of Israel, as it relates to Israel’s birth as a nation to God.


1:          No foreigner is to eat it.

2:         No slave is to eat it, unless circumcised.

3:         No temporary resident or hired worker is to eat or partake.

4:         It must be eaten in one house.

5:         No meat of the lamb is to be taken outside.

6:         No bones of the lamb are to be broken.

Prophecy: Psalm 34:20

He protects all His bones, not one of them will be broken.”

7:         All yeast to be removed from the land before the Passover is killed.

8:         The whole community must celebrate it.

9:         A foreigner who wishes to partake must have all the males in his house circumcised that he may partake as one born in the land.

10:        No uncircumcised male may partake.


Exodus 13:1-10


1:          Consecrate every firstborn male, both men and animal.


            The consecration of Jesus Christ:

Luke 2:21

“On the eight day when it was time to circumcise Him, He was Named Jesus, the name the angel had given Him before He had been conceived. When the time of purification according to the law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, every first born male is to be consecrated to the Lord) and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: a pair of doves or two young pigeons.

2. Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of slavery with God’s mighty hand as a sign and        remembrance. Exodus 12-14

3:         Eat nothing containing yeast.

4:         Eat unleavened bread for seven day’s.

5:         No yeast to be found anywhere in your borders.

6:         Tell your son why you are doing this.

7:         This ordinance it to be kept at this time, year after year.


The Passover Offering


1:          Take a year old male lamb or goat, one for each household. The animal is to be without spot or blemish.

(If a household is too small, they may share with their nearest neighbour, determining how much each household will eat). 

2:         Take care for the animal until the fourteenth day of the Month.

3:         Slaughtered the lamb or goat at twilight on the fourteenth day.
4:         Some of the blood is to be daubed on the lintel and posts of the doorway of the house where they eat. (Making a sign of a cross).
5:         The lamb or goat is roasted in the fire, head, legs and inner parts and eaten with bitter herbs and unleavened bread.

6:         It is not to be eaten raw or cooked in water.

7:         Do not leave any until morning. If any is left it must be burnt.
8:         It is to be eaten in haste, with your cloak tucked into the belt, your sandals on feat, and staff in hand.
9:         This day is to be commemorated as a lasting ordinance for generations to come.

The feast of unleavened bread

Exodus 12:15-20


1:          Day one of the feast, remove yeast from your households.
2:         Cut off from Israel anyone who eats yeast within the seven days, whether an Israeli or foreigner.

3:         Eat bread made without yeast for seven days.

4:         Hold a sacred assembly on the first and seventh day.

5:         Do No work on these days except prepare food for everyone to eat.

6:         Celebrate this as a lasting ordinance for generations to come.


On day two of the feast a sheaf was waved of first ripe barley before the Lord, to consecrate the future harvest.


During the feast the priest offered daily sacrifices of two bullocks,

one ram and seven lambs as a burnt offering and a male goat as a sin

offering. These were in addition to the regular offerings.

Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

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