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Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

Month – Tishri

Day 10


This was a Sabbath and a day of fasting, the only day of fasting for Israel, which required a holy gathering of all the nation.


Leviticus 16      -The positional cleansing of the nation


The high priest was given the directions for the day.

Leviticus 16:2

“Tell your bother Aaron not to come whenever he chooses into the “Holy of Holies behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or he will die, because I appear in the cloud above the atonement cover”


The High priest was commanded to attended the incense altar twice a day in the Holy of holies. On the Day of Atonement he had to enter three times.


1:          With hot coals in the censur for the incense altar and with two handfuls of burning incense

2:         He entered with the blood of the bull for his own sin offering.

3:         He entered with the blood of the goat for the people.


Christ as High Priest and Sacrifice


1:          Aaron must inspect the bull, the ram and the two goats and present

them before the Lord at the entrance to the tabernacle, to be acceptable to the Lord as a offering.

2:         Aaron must bathe with water.

3:         He is to dress himself with the linen tunic, with the linen undergarment, with the linen sash and the linen turban.


The high priest was very adorned in a glorious colourful attire.

Jesus Christ in resurrection glory will be gloriously attired, but as a man

He was plain looking and ordinary in appearance.


Isaiah 53:2

“He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in His appearance that we should desire Him.”


4:         From the Israelite community he must take two male goats for a

sin offering and a ram as a burnt offering. The two goats are presented at the entrance to the tabernacle and lots are drawn to see which is the sacrifice (The Lords lot) and which goat is the scapegoat, and will be let free (the peoples lot)


The people bring the sacrifice just liked the Jews brought Christ to Pilate to crucify Him.


Matthew 26:47

“Judas, one of the twelve arrived. With Him a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: The one I kiss is the man, arrest Him.”


Matthew 26:24-25

“Pilate said, I am innocent of this man’s blood, it’s your responsibility.

All the people said, Let His blood be on us and on our children.”


5:         The bull is sacrificed for the high priest’s own sins and the sins of

his household.

The offering of the high priest for himself has no imagery for Christ who was pure and free from sin.

Hebrews 7:26-27

“Such a High Priest meets our need, one who is Holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. Unlike the other high priest’s, He does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for His own sins and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all.”

6:         Aaron takes his censer of burning coals from the altar and places the censer on the Incense altar in the Holy of Holies after burning two hands full of incense on the coals. This fills the Holy of Holies with smoke, which conceals the atonement cover so that he doesn’t die.

He enters the Holy of Holies again with the bull’s blood.


Incense symbolises prayer going up to God The Father, before the sacrifice was made. This is the same for Jesus Christ who prayed to His Father before being crucified and made to bear our sins on the cross.


Matthew 26:38-44

“My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and watch with Me


Jesus’ First prayer in Gethsemane

“My Father if it is possible, may this cup be taken from Me. Yet not as I will, but as You will.”


Jesus’ Second prayer in Gethsemane

“My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.”


Jesus’ Third prayer in Gethsemane

“My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.”


Matthew 27:45-46      

From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over land.


7:         Some of the blood from the offering is taken by the priest and sprinkled on the front of the atonement cover; he then sprinkles it seven times in front of the atonement cover. Indicating a perfect work of the sacrifice. Note that the blood of the sacrifice followed the offering of the incense.

The high priest does all

Hebrews 1:3

“The Son is the radiance (flashing forth) of God’s Glory, the exact representation (image) of His being, sustaining all things by His powerful word. After He had by Himself provided purification from sins, He sat down at the right hand of the majesty in heaven.”


Isaiah 59:16

“He saw that there was no one. He was appalled that there was no one to intervene; so His own arm worked salvation for him


8:         The goat chosen for the sin offering is killed and its blood is taken

into the Holy of Holies. The same is done with this blood of the

goat, as with the bull’s blood, to make atonement for the people and the “Holy of Holies”, because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israel, whatever their sins have been. He does the same for the tent of meeting and for the altar, to atone for them.

The sins of the people came to there culmination when the rejected their King.


Luke 23:18-19

“With one voice they cried out, away with this man! Release Barabbas to us.”


Isaiah 53:6

We all like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way.”


This is the part of the work of Jesus Christ, which vindicates the holiness and righteousness of God, which is shown in the law.

The sacrifice provisionally making amends for sin to God.


Romans 3:24-26

“God presented Him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in His blood. He did it to demonstrate His justice, because of the forbearance He had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished. He did it to demonstrate His justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Him.”


When the high priest performs his duties on the Day of Atonement, no one must be in tabernacle until he has atoned for himself and the people. He alone performs the work of atonement.


Hebrews 10:24

“Christ did not enter a man made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; He entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence. Nor did He enter heaven again and again, the way the high priest enters the Holy of Holies every year with blood that is not his own. Then Christ would have suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of Himself.


9:         Aaron takes the second goat, the scapegoat and places both his

hands upon its head and confesses over it all the rebellion and

wickedness of the people. All Israels sins are on the goat’s head.

He shall then send the goat away into the desert.

The goat is released into the desert and never returns. Christ sweeps our sin away forever. Our sins swept us away, but no longer sweep us away because He paid in full our debt to God. Reject the work of the Saviour and that sin sweeps us away forever.

Isaiah 1:8

“Come now let us reason together, says the Lord. Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow, though they are crimson, they shall be as wool.”


Jeremiah 31:33-34

“I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.”


10:        Aaron takes off the linen garments he had put on in the Holy place

after he bathed in water, and put on his high priests garments.

Jesus Christ within Himself did not sin once on the cross. He committed no sin, but became sin for us. Once the payment was made for our sin, He himself within his own attitude remained perfect and without sin.


Ephesians 4:9

“He who descended is the same one who ascended higher than all the heavens in order to fill the whole universe.”


Hebrews 9:24

“Christ did not enter a man made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; He entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence”


1 John 2:1

“If anybody does sin, we have one who speaks to the Father in our defence-Jesus Christ the righteous one. He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only, but for the sins of the whole world.”


11:        The high priest offers the burnt offering for Himself and the burnt offering for the people. He shall also burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar.


12:        The man who releases the scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe

himself in water. He can then come into the camp.


13:        The hides, flesh and offal of the bull and the goat used in the sin

offering are burnt up, outside the camp. Indicating that the sacrifice was complete and total.


The blood of goats satisfy only for a year for the son Israel.


Hebrews 13:11-13

“The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Holy of Holies as a sin offering, but the bodies are burnt outside the city gate, to make the people holy through His own sacrifice. Let us then go to Him outside the camp bearing the disgrace He bore.”


Hebrews 9:12-14

“He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but He entered the Holy of Holies once for all by His own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. Hoe Much More, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the Eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God.”


When the work of salvation for all was accomplished. All was complete and He gave up His breath.


John 19:30

“It is finished (completed)”


13:        The man who burns the animals must wash his clothes and bathe

himself in water. He can then come into the camp. (Christ is now

acceptable to God and can once again enter heaven.)


Psalm 16:9-10

“Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices because you will not abandon me to sheol, nor will you let your Holy One see decay.”


Psalm 49:15

“God will redeem my life from the grave; He will surely take me to



1 Timothy 3:16

“He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, and was taken up in glory.”


This is to be a lasting ordinance for Israel throughout their Generations.


The churches privilege


Hebrews 10:19-20

“Therefore, brothers we have confidence to enter the Holy of Holies by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us through the veil (curtain) that is His body.”


Colossians 4:2

“Devote yourselves to prayer, being watchful and be thankful.”


1 Peter 2:9

“You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you might declare the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into Hid wonderful light.”


Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

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